Tennessee Medicine E-Journal



To identify factors that contribute to residents’ research publication.


Obstetrics/gynecology residents’ research (N=113) from 2000 to 2013 was reviewed retrospectively. We defined residents’ research publication as being published at PubMed.gov. We analyzed demographic and research factors contributing to these publication.


The resident research topics were in clinical (N =99), basic science (N=6), and education (N =8) research. Residents’ ethnicity was 63% Caucasian, 20% African American, 17% other. Seventy-five (66.4%) residents were female. Twenty-three residents (20.2%) published their research. Residents who applied for fellowship achieved a higher 27.3% publication rate (P=0.02).

Residents’ research publication was not associated with the residents’ race (P=0.1), age (P =0.18), gender (P=0.11), origin of medical school (P=0.58), mentor’s gender (P=0.12), mentor’s age (P=0.63), or foreign vs. US graduate (P=0.076), research design (P=0.053). Odds of having publication were higher for gynecologic oncology research topic (P=0.0004) vs. general gynecology, professor vs. assistant professor mentor (P=0.0062), mentor’s high number of publications (P=0.0001), mentor’s first-author publications (P=0.0001), and mentor of Asian ethnicity (P=0.0017). On multivariable logistic regression, residents’ research publication was associated with the first-author publication of their mentor (P=0.0001) and with mentor of Asian ethnicity (P=0.04).


One out of five residents’ research achieved publication. Resident research publication is mostly associated with the selection of mentor.