Tennessee Medicine E-Journal


Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare immune mediated disease. It is characterized by episodes of inflammation of articular and nonarticular cartilaginous tissues. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) comprises a group of clonal myeloid disorders of the hematopoiesis characterized by dysplastic bone marrow and peripheral cytopenia that range from non progresive to more slowly progressive than acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The association of myelodysplastic syndrome and autoimmune disease are often but relapsing polychondritis and acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia related changes rarely reported. Here, we present the case of a male who was diagnosed RP during remission induction chemotherapy of acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia.

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Before treatment