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Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus infection remains a major public health problem throughout the world. Approximately, 350 million HBv carriers are chronically infected. Chronic carriers of HBv have an elevated risk of developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma which lead to death of an estimated 0.5 to 1.2 million subjects annually. Worldwide, HBv infection is considered to be tenth leading cause of death. The principle way of transmission is through the blood and blood products, hemodialysis, shared needles among drug abusers, dental surgery, receiving blood or blood products . This study is carried out in Thi-Qar province–Al-Rifaei district – in general Al-Rifae hospital and blood bank from the period of the first of December/ 2016 to the first of March /2017. The aim of study was determination the efficacy of HBv. sAg ELISA kit to detection of HBv infection in blood donors. (100) one hundred blood samples were collected randomly divided into males and females, the ages was rated between 19-60 years old and all these blood samples tested by ELISA technique by using HBv. sAg ELISA kit. the results explained the number of infected cases were 11% (reading of samples < cut-off value (0.131) ) and other 89% were negatively results (reading of samples > cut-off value (0.131) ). statistically significant increasing of infection in case of male (P>0.005 ) compared with females, while there was no statistically significance of infection in case of residence and ages of blood donors.

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